The Founding Years

Friendly House first opened its doors in 1920, as a small three-room settlement house located at 37 Norfolk Street in, Worcester, MA, under the sponsorship of the Worcester Civic League.  Their mission was to promote neighborhood health and welfare for the betterment of Worcester and to further the interests of Worcester’s immigrants – introducing them to customs and traditions of their new home and helping them to become and integral part of civic life.

A club room, kitchen and dental room made up the settlement house.  Classes in housekeeping, cooking, nursing, dressmaking, basketry, and millinery were offered for girls.  Boys had manual training each week and social gatherings were regularly planned and well attended.  Dental care was critical but funds for a full-scale program were scarce.  A dental hygienist split her time between Friendly House and the Neighborly house to provide services to the children.

Programs expanded in the mid 1920’s to include a pre-school nursery, Red Cross first aid, singing, sewing and a dental clinic.  A dentist and hygienist handled the needs of forty-two children.  Quickly needing more space, Friendly House moved into a new home at 57 Norfolk Street in 1927.  This site provided morning activities for young children, while afternoons were reserved for the older school age children.  This second Friendly House served as a transitional home until a larger space could be found.

In 1928, the Junior League assumed responsibility for Friendly House from the Worcester Civic League.  They proved that Friendly House could take care of an enormous neighborhood and all members of a family from nursery school age and up.  Shortly thereafter, the Junior League secured a lease on a much larger, two-story, ten room building with heat, natural sunlight, spacious areas and a playground located at 38 Wall Street.

Though Friendly House remained under the supervision of The Junior League, in November 1928, Friendly House was recognized as a freestanding, not-for-profit incorporated organization and formed a Board of Directors.

1930's The Depression Era

The 1930’s was a decade of growth and constant challenge for Friendly House. During the Depression, Friendly House became involved for the first time in government-supported programs.  Friendly House was in great demand and found itself fulfilling its primary purpose as a Settlement House.  There was a definite need of this kind of family resource – not only on “the hill” – but in other sections of the city as well.  During this time, families looked to Friendly House more than ever before.  Friendly House won the respect of the neighbors and they looked to Friendly House for primary guidance, and opportunities.

Major activities in this decade – and continued in the forties – emphasized children’s programming including sewing and cooking classes, hobby clubs, theater and music programs, arts and crafts, embroidery, a Dental Clinic and a nursery school program.  Friendly House provided space and facilities for social, educational and constructive recreational programs for all youth.

In 1937, Friendly House became a community-based board and no longer a Junior League project.  In 1939, at the urging of the then Director, Mrs. Edwin I. Morris, a Mother’s Club was formed.  Mrs. Nebeha Merhige-Haddad was elected President.  Each member of the club was a mother or grandmother of the children enrolled in Friendly House classes or clubs.  Besides sewing, cooking, and crocheting, mothers enjoyed various adult education and Americanization programs including field trips to local industries.  The Mother’s Club was very popular and fond memories of the club lasted many decades.

1940's World War II

World War II meant that settlement houses were faced with severe staffing shortages. Men and boys went to the armed forces and women opted for higher paying defense positions.  At that time, Friendly House focused their attention on programs for school-aged children.  The Friendly House Nursery School was filled to capacity during the War years and young teenagers served as recreational leaders.  Friendly House was sponsored entirely by Community Chest at that time.

Ruth M. Trainor was appointed Executive Director of Friendly House, Inc. in 1947.  When asked “What kind of children are there at Friendly House?”  She replied, “I didn’t know there was more than one kind of child.  Children are people – the same everywhere.”


After the war years, the primary focus for Friendly House continued to be the school-age recreational programs.  Children came for music, arts and crafts, drawing, cooking, sewing, games and nature programs.  The children attended summer outing trips from Greenhill Park to Fenway Park and the neighborhood “pot luck” supers were a well-attended event during the 50’s.

The Worcester District Nursing Society continued to support the Friendly House - Well Baby Clinic, one day per week and the Dental Clinic became a cooperative project in Worcester and included Friendly House in the agencies it served.  At Friendly House, averages of 24 dental appointments were made per week.  The Dental clinic operated until 1971.


The turbulent 1960’s presented a radical challenge to Friendly House through the rediscovery of poverty in neighborhoods throughout the country combined with the Civil Rights movement. The backlash of the Vietnam War also brought major resource and programmatic changes to Friendly House.

In 1965, Friendly House organized its first adult slow-pitch softball team.  Athletics would play a more major role in subsequent years and would become one of the many extremely successful programs at Friendly House.

In September of that same year, Friendly House hired its first full-time Program Director, Gordon P. Hargrove.

The war on poverty and anti-poverty programs changed the programming, services and direction of Friendly House.  In 1966, Friendly House received its first major federal grant in the amount of $9,716 from the Office of Economic Opportunity.  The grant provided social services to 2,000 seniors, teens and needy neighborhood families.  This was a turning point in the type of services Friendly House would provide to families in the future.  The once small, single purpose agency would be transformed into a “multi-service center” – changing its direction and services through the end of the 20th century.

The decision to construct a new Friendly House was made during the latter part of the decade.  The new building would be constructed next door to the existing facility and on the site of the former St. George Orthodox Church.  The building fund drive, chaired by Paul S. Morgan began in earnest.

The sixties saw the first annual Fourth of July Block party (1968) - which became an annual tradition.

The end of the sixties brought great sadness to the Friendly House family as the beloved Director, Ruth M. Trainor, died suddenly after 22 years of unselfish, dedicated service.  At that time, Gordon P. Hargrove assumed the position of Executive Director.

Ground was broken for the new Friendly House, Inc. and the community was instrumental in the design of the new building.  The neighborhood fund drive alone raised more than $20,000 – double the goal.

As the times and needs continued to change for the neighborhood, Friendly House opened a Head Start program site and initiated a new child feeding program in 1972.  Services to elders, teens, and neighborhood families were expanded and the United Way allocation increased.  Friendly House was selected as one of the first sites for the University Year for Action program.  Community action became a major focus for Friendly House in the early 1970’s.  Neighborhood residents were involved in issues such as crime, drugs and other problems, which directly affected their lives.

At a 1973 ceremony, Board President Norman Wood burned the Friendly House mortgage, which had been paid off in a record one and one half years.  The success of the agency’s fund drive was due in a major part to the work of its chairperson, Paul S. Morgan.

Jim Duffy, a neighborhood resident, started an after-school recreation program for special needs neighborhood children, the first of its kind in the state.  In 1975, Friendly House’s Annual Block Party kicked-off Worcester’s own Bi-Centennial celebration.


The decade of the 1980’s saw a double line in the number of participants and programs offered by Friendly House.  In 1983, the agency opened an emergency shelter for homeless families at 36 Wall Street.  Friendly House was the first agency in Massachusetts to distribute USDA surplus food to needy families.  The agency opened the Frances Perkins Transitional Home on 16-18 Cottage Street in 1988.

Friendly House was instrumental in establishing the Oak Hill Community Development Corporation.  Friendly House not only continued its involvement with the United Neighborhood Center Association (UNCA), on a national level, but also participated at the International Federation of Settlement (IFS) celebration at Toynbee Hall.


Friendly House grew into a multi-service neighborhood center and worked in conjunction with outreach centers such as; Centro Las Americas and the Henry Lee Willis Neighborhood Center.  Friendly House became a United Way agency and also received funds from various federal, state, local and private grants. In the early 1990’s, Friendly House expanded their immediate area of service to census tracks 22, 23, & 24. This became known as the “central corridor” of Friendly House.

With the merging and closing of neighborhood centers in Worcester over the years, Friendly House emerged as the leader and centerpiece of assistance for providing services to Worcester residents.  Inner city families turned to Friendly House for a variety of assistance including shelter, emergency help, food, medical care, after school and summer programs, day care, senior programs and counseling.  Friendly House helped people help themselves by providing information, resources and direct support. In the middle of the Nineties, Friendly House was able to raise $500,000 to build a new shelter, located in a Victorian style house on Elm St. in Worcester. After a successful fund-raising effort, guests were moved into this shelter by August 1993.

More than 25,000 residents received assistance from Friendly House.  Over 3,000 people accessed Friendly House’s Social Service Department seeking food, shelter and counseling.  During school vacations and through the summer camp program, nearly 4,000 young people were provided a safe environment away from the negative influences of the city streets through creative and recreational programs. Daily, more than 200 seniors relied on Friendly House for meals, health screenings and social activities.

Friendly House in the 21st Century

After the major success of utilizing and maintaining the Elm Street shelter, Friendly House was chosen to serve as a fiscal conduit for the Pleasant Street Neighborhood Center and the Quinsigamond Village Center. Friendly House soon moved its transitional shelter home to Aetna Street. Instead of living in a congregate shelter, people were now able to live throughout sixty scattered site apartments after a grant was received to start building scattered sites. These sites provide close family interactions, and residents receive outreach services and family visits. In collaboration with YouthBuild, an orchestration of building, selling, and rehabilitating houses started to bloom. The new millennium presented the Friendly House with much rapid change. Throughout the 2000’s, Friendly House re-organized its financial department, which included new software, new staff, fiscal soundness, and new opportunities such as the 2008 Summer program Wheels to Water which provided families with free transportation to the city’s public pool

Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) collaborated with Friendly House during their quarterly projects for an ongoing new building project. Friendly House has also recently revamped their programming, acquired new parking lots, and has raised over $180,000 to do critical rehab for their current Wall St. facility.  This current project involved installing new doors, new windows, new facilities, and new landscaping.

Over the past 90 years, the core philosophy of Friendly House has remained unchanged.  Friendly House helps people to help themselves, generate self-reliance and increase their quality of life. The strengthening of the finest family standards and the highest American ideals is the underlying educational purpose of Friendly House. Friendly House provides opportunities for individuals to realize their potential for a full life through self-direction and growth. Friendly House director, Gordon Hargrove, has been with the Friendly House since 1957 and is proud of the day-to-day victories that this organization accomplishes. Hargrove sees no better victory than maintaining Friendly House through its 100th anniversary.


Back to top